India is a nation that maintains its unity in diversity by embracing cultural and social changes as well as various natural settings. Monuments In India, a country of man-made magnificence, visitors from all over the world are entertained by the architectural magnificence of temples, monuments, palaces, mosques, forts, and mosques. Cultural exchange in India, a great nation that accepts all religions equally and permits them to live in freedom, extends beyond merely worshipping in places of worship.
As a result, mosques in India are more than just places of worship or prayer. Instead, it is a breathtaking architectural feast for the eyes. These magnificent structures feature stunning architecture, miniature work, and design patterns. Most of the famous mosques were constructed between the Gurid dynasty and the Mughal era to gain political influence or show off the wealth of the ruling class. However, there are Islamic temples in India, such as Bara Imambara in Lucknow. It was constructed as a shelter for famine victims. While domes, minarets, and arches are some of the typical architectural features of Indian mosques, the shrines in the Kashmir valley have a unique feature. These stunning Indian mosques are primarily from the Middle Ages. These stunning mosques are renowned for their elaborate artwork and designs that are derived from traditional Islamic architecture.
Some of the best creations of their exquisite designs can be seen in famous mosques across India. These places are so revered that people from far-off places come to catch a glimpse of these wonders. Let’s get acquainted with the most beautiful and sanctified mosques in India with the help of tripfinder.
Jama Masjid, New Delhi—The Largest Mosque in India
One of the world’s most visited Muslim religious sites is the Delhi Jama Masjid, the largest mosque in India, with space for about 25,000 worshipers during prayer. This architectural extravaganza, which is an integral part of Delhi tourism, was built in 1644 by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. This highly ornamental mosque has three enormous gates, four imposing towers, and impressive detailing on the minarets, domes, arches, and doors.
The 40-meter-tall minarets are constructed of red sandstone and white marble. The mosque is roughly 90 feet (27 m) wide and 261 feet (80 m) long. The mosque’s floor was decorated with white and black marble to resemble the Jama Masjid in Agra (creating the appearance of a Muslim prayer mat). The interior arches’ inlay detailing still looks impressive. There are 39 steps at the northern gate of the Delhi Jama Masjid and 33 steps on the southern side. This mosque’s eastern gate, which has 35 steps, was built for the rural entrance.
Makkah Masjid, Hyderabad- One of the Oldest Indian Mosques
Mecca Masjid, also known as Makkah Masjid, is a masterpiece of architecture that can be seen from the top of Hyderabad’s Charminar. It is situated close to the old sites of Laad Bazaar and Chowmahalla Palace. This Muslim religious building was built by Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah, the fifth ruler of the Qutb Shahi dynasty, and is one of the earliest mosques in India. It is thought that the soil-made bricks used to build the mosque’s central arch were transported all the way from Saudi Arabia’s holy city of Mecca.
This mosque’s main prayer hall is about 75 feet above the ground and has a capacity of about 10,000 people. The mosque has four attached minarets with a small dome atop each, five passageways, arched galleries, and octagonal balconies. Many of the mosque’s arches are inscribed with verses from the Quran and decorated with floral motifs and frescoes. The primary prayer room measures 180 feet long, 220 feet wide, and 75 feet high. The construction of this magnificent mosque is estimated to have taken 77 years and 8,000 workers.
Taj-ul-Masjid, Bhopal- The Tallest Mosque in India
The Taj-ul-Masjid, also known as “the Crown of Mosques,” is a mosque in Bhopal, the state capital of Madhya Pradesh. This mosque, which is one of the tallest in Asia, was initially constructed under the rule of Nawab Shah Jahan Begum of Bhopal (1844–1860 and 1868–1901). In 1985, the mosque received its finishing touches. The entrance gate is adorned with vintage motifs that were taken from mosques in Syria built around 1250.
The mosque’s 18-story-tall octagonal minarets, which are topped with marble domes, are set off against its pink facade. Four recessed archways and nine multiple-cusped openings connect the double-storeyed gateway to the main prayer hall. Eleven arches are engraved on the Quibla wall, and there are also unique screens made of trellis work.
Bara Imambara, Lucknow- An Unsupported Wonder
India’s largest unsupported structure, the Imambara, is regarded as such. One of the most stunning architectural wonders in the nation, this engineering marvel is situated in the Uttar Pradesh city of Lucknow. This religious structure took 14 years to build after work on it was begun in 1784. Lime plaster and Lakhnawi bricks, which are small-sized bricks, are used throughout the structure. Surprisingly, neither wood nor metal is used to build this structure. The central halls’ arched roof, which was built without the use of a single beam or girder, is the most striking feature of this structure. Around 1,000 passages, 489 identical doors, and a number of uphill and downhill staircases make up the labyrinth.
Jama Masjid, Agra- A Symbol of Paternal Love
The Jama Masjid in Agra is a magnificent historical structure built in 1648, especially for Jahanara, the daughter of the Mughal emperor Shahjahan. The rectangular mosque has two collonaded halls on either side of a central nave with a single dome. The mosque consists of two square chambers with domes on top. The main chamber and the two smaller rooms are decorated with carved mihrabs. The mosque is perched on a raised platform that has five arched entrances leading to the courtyard atop it. Within the Jama Masjid complex is the tomb of Sheikh Salim Chisti, a well-known Sufi saint. Three enormous domes that are fixed on top of the mosque’s roof are decorated with inverted lotuses and Kalash finials (a distinguishing feature at the peak of a roof). Agra’s Jama Masjid can hold about 10,000 people at once.
Jamali-Kamali Mosque, Delhi- A Haunted Beauty
Jamali-Kamali Mosque and Tomb, a ruinous 16th-century structure, is situated in Mehrauli, Delhi, close to the well-known archaeological site of Qutub Minar. This architectural marvel, which was constructed in 1528–1529, is located in Mehrauli Archaeological Park and includes a mosque as well as the tombs of Jamali and Kamali. This mosque, which is situated in a walled garden area and was constructed out of red sandstone with marble facing, has a large courtyard, a prayer hall, and five arches, the central one of which has a dome.
The Jharokha System, in particular, is regarded as a Mughal architectural innovation introduced by the mosque. After sundown, access to the mosque is prohibited due to frequent reports of paranormal activity, eerie sounds, and sudden white visions.
Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque, Delhi- One of the Oldest Indian Mosques
Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque is a Jaami Masjid (Friday mosque) constructed in Delhi in 1193 and is the first mosque to be built in the city following the Islamic invasion of the nation. Construction on Quwwat-ul-Islam, one of the earliest still-standing examples of Ghurid architecture in India, started when Aibak was in charge of Muhammad Ghori’s garrison. It is constructed on a raised platform that is 141 feet by 105 feet in size and is surrounded by cloisters with pillars.
The 105-by-141-foot cloisters of the Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque surround its courtyard. This mosque’s facade is inscribed with floral designs and verses from the Quran. Qutubuddin Aibak’s successors expanded the mosque’s footprint after his death. In this complex of mosques, the now-famous Qutub Minar was built so that the muezzin could perform adhan (the call to prayer) and serve as an Islamic axis.
Adhai Din ka Jhonpra Mosque, Ajmer- One of the Oldest Mosques in India
Beyond the Dargah of Khwaja Muin-ud-din Chishti Rahmatullah Alaih, in Ajmer, Rajasthan, is the well-known mosque known as Adhai Din ka Jhonpra. Muhammad Ghori is credited with giving these extraordinary ruins their current shape by raising an extended wall around them in just two and a half days. This complex was initially constructed as a Sanskrit college for the advancement of the language.
Ghori damaged the building, and in 1198 he converted it into a mosque by extending a seven-arched wall. Islamic calligraphy was added to this extended section in front of the pillared hall. Arches made of yellow limestone can be seen on the entrance’s front wall. The prayer hall’s intriguing rectangular panels are carved in a style reminiscent of Persian mosques.
Jama Masjid, Ajmer- An exotic tourist destination
Attractions The building’s three enormous arched gates, three marble domes, four towers, and two towering minarets draw tourists.
Location: Somalpur, Ajmer, Rajasthan, at CJ85+X68
The Jama Masjid of Ajmer is an exotic tourist destination in India that was built during the Mughal era. It is located in Lohakhan Colony, near Ajmer, Rajasthan. Shahjahan oversaw the construction of this opulent mosque in 1638 as a token of appreciation for his victory over the Rana of Mewar. The walls of this 45-meter-long mosque feature Persian inscriptions and 11 arches.
This architectural wonder is divided into three sections and constructed entirely out of pure white marble. This mosque’s prayer room is shaped like a star. During the annual Urs festival, a sizable crowd gathers at the mosque because it is close to the revered shrine of Khwaja Muin-ud-din Chishti Rahmatullah Alaih. During the time of prayer, non-Muslims are prohibited from entering the mosque.
Nagina Masjid, Agra- The Jewel Mosque
On the grounds of the Agra Fort, the Nagina Masjid, also known as the Gem Mosque, is situated in the northwest corner of the Macchi Bhawan. Shah Jahan constructed this alluring mosque between 1631 and 1640, and it is a masterpiece of architecture. The mosque has walls surrounding its marble-paved court on its south, north, and east sides. On the western side is the prayer room. This mosque’s main prayer hall is constructed of pure white marble and exudes a clean aura on sunny days.
This mosque is distinguished by its well-decorated arches and three simple but decent domes on top. This magnificent building, which was constructed as a private mosque for the ladies of the royal family, is 10.21 metres wide and 7.39 metres deep. The central portion of the facade is more noticeable thanks to a curve that can be seen in the Chajja and across the parapet. The bangladar, a distinctive feature of this mosque, is an element of its architecture.
Hazratbal Masjid, Jammu & Kashmir- Kashmir’s Holiest Muslim Shrine
The Hazratbal Masjid is a revered Islamic shrine on the left bank of the Dal Lake in Hazratbal, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir. This immaculate white building is 154 metres long and 25 metres tall, with one dome and one minaret. Many Muslims believe that the Moi-e-Muqaddas, a holy relic housed in the shrine, is a hair strand belonging to the Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam. This small religious structure, which is located in a picturesque area, stuns on days with clear skies and the arrival of its reflection in Dal Lake.
Jamia Masjid, Srinagar- A Popular Tourist Place in Srinagar
The Jamia Masjid in Srinagar (Jammu and Kashmir) is situated at Nowhatta and was constructed in 1400 AD by Sultan Sikandar. The stunning Indo-Saracenic architecture of this mosque stands out against the busy streets of Old Baazaar. The Masjid encloses 370 wooden pillars and a lovely courtyard. 30,000 people can gather here for communal prayer at this roomy holy site. A square garden and wide lanes are located on all four sides of the mosque compound.
Jama Masjid, Ahmedabad – A Historic Marvel
One of the biggest mosques in India is the Jama Masjid, which is located in Ahmedabad. The mosque, which Sultan Ahmed Shah, the emperor, built in 1424, is where Sultan Ahmed Shah’s tomb, as well as the tombs of his queens, son, and grandson, are located. The mosque, which was exquisitely built in Indo-Islamic style and was initially constructed for the use of the royal family, boasts inscriptions on the mihrab that commemorate the mosque’s inauguration.
Tipu Sultan Mosque, Kolkata – A 180-year-old Historic Relic
The legends of the great king Tipu Sultan can continue to be told in Kolkata thanks to this mosque, a stunning example of heritage architecture. From afar, the mosque stands out because its striking bright green domes welcome people of all faiths. Prince Ghulam Mohammed, the son of Tipu Sultan, initially constructed the intricate mosque.
Adina Mosque, Malda – Grandeur That Stood the Test of Time
The Adina Mosque, which is in West Bengal’s Malda district, once held the record for the largest mosque in India, and belonged to the Bengal Sultanate. The Sikander Sheikh of the Ilyas dynasty constructed the ancient structure in the fourteenth century. Since the foundations of both mosques were outlined in a similar way, the distinctive architecture of the mosque bears an uncanny resemblance to the Great Mosque of Damascus.
Kabuli Bagh Mosque, Panipat – A Historic Mark of Victory
The Kabuli Bagh Mosque, a significant historical landmark in the Haryana district of Panipat, was initially constructed by Babur. To commemorate the emperor’s triumph over Sultan Ibrahim Lodhi. After Humayun defeated Salim Shah in battle, he donated another masonry platform to the mosque known as “Chabutra-i-Fateh Mubarak.”
Moti Masjid, Bhopal – Marvel Of The Architect Ruler
The Moti Masjid in Bhopal was built by Shah Jahan and is another magnificent structure that has withstood the test of time without losing its allure. The emperor’s court was the only audience for the mosque’s initial construction, which has a lengthy history. Excellent city views can be had from the mosque’s elevated plinth in the courtyard.
Jumma Masjid, Bangalore – A Glittering Religious Delight
The Jumma Masjid, a stunning monument honouring the beloved king Tipu Sultan, was constructed in the 1790s. Seeing the mosque’s intricate artwork and floral motifs is quite a sight. The mosque is brightly lit during the month of Ramadan to give it a brilliant appearance in the evenings.
Toli Masjid, Hyderabad – A Significant Heritage Site in the Country
The Toli Masjid, also referred to as the Damri Mosque, was constructed in Hyderabad in 1082 by Mir Musa Khan Mahaldar under the rule of Abdullah Qutb Shah. The mosque has been designated a heritage site in India by the Archeological Survey of India. It has been recognised as a significant historical monument in the state by INTACH (Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage).
Sidi Saiyyed Mosque, Ahmedabad – A Symbol of Prosperity in Historic Gujarat
The mosque, also known as Sidi Sayyid ni Jali in Gujarat, is an important religious and historical site in the region. Sidi Sayyid constructed it during the final years of the Gujarat Sultanate on the advice of Bilal Jhajar Khan, a general in the army of the final Sultan Shams-ud-Din Muzaffar Shah III.
Jama Masjid, Mathura – Majestic Architecture
The Jama Masjid in Mathura was built in 1661 by the then-goveror of Aurangzeb and featured stunning architecture, including imposing carvings, minarets, and a raised courtyard. This one provides an incredibly serene atmosphere and breathtaking views among the magnificent mosques.
Cheraman Jama Mosque, Thrissur – Oldest Mosque in India
The Cheraman Jama Mosque, the oldest mosque in the nation, was constructed in 629 AD and is situated in Thrissur, Kerala. The exquisite architecture of Cheraman Jama Mosque makes it one of India’s most well-known mediaeval mosques, reflecting the absolute magnificence of Islam. This mosque is significant for Muslims because it exudes calm and fosters peace.
Jama Masjid, Srirangapatna – Tipu Sultan’s Favorite Mosque
Jama Masjid is a significant Muslim shrine that can be found in Srirangapatna, Karnataka. This serene residence was Tipu Sultan’s favourite mosque, with magnificent architecture and a dome and minarets. A well-known ruler of Mysore named Tipu Sultan constructed it in 1784. Paintings are used to decorate the mosque’s interior, including the walls and ceiling.
Jamia Masjid, Murudeshwar – A Heritage Mosque
Jamia Masjid, one of India’s oldest mosques, is quietly tucked away in Bhatkal town. The mosque has a peaceful atmosphere in addition to a variety of ancient inscriptions and artefacts. One of the most well-known mosques in India is Jama Masjid, Murudeshwar, which has a three-story building with a basement.
Bhir Mosque, Ludhiana – Reflects the Splendour of Mughal Architecture
The Bilwanwali Masjid or Bhir Mosque, a renowned mosque located in Ludhiana, Punjab, was built during the reign of Jahangir. The mosque spans a sizable area and has numerous verandahs and rooms. The mosque, which is dedicated to Kamal-ud-din Khan, also features a pear-shaped dome.
Moonu Pettumma Palli, Pappinisseri – Hosts Kattile Palli Nercha Festival
Moonu Pettumma Palli, one of the most well-known mosques in Kerala’s Kannur district, is situated in the town of Pappinisseri. The mosque is renowned for its beautiful, intricate architecture and serene atmosphere. This place of worship, also known as Kattile Palli, is well-known for the Kattile Palli Nercha festival, a significant festival in Kerala.
Pattambi Mosque, Palakkad – Dedicated to a Muslim Saint
The Pattambi Mosque, which is devoted to the Muslim saint Aloor Valiya Pookunjikoya Thangal, is situated in Kerala’s Palakkad district. The mosque is present as the renowned yearly festival, Pattambi Nercha is celebrated. One of Kerala’s most revered pilgrimage sites is the Pattambi Mosque. The distance between the mosque and Palakkad city is only 60 km.
Nakhoda Mosque, Kolkata – Busiest Mosque in Kolkata
A century-old mosque can be found in Kolkata at Nakhoda Mosque. The mosque, which has one of Kolkata’s busiest prayer halls with a capacity of about 10,000, is a popular destination for Muslims. The mosque has a beautiful architectural design and is entirely made of red sandstone. One of the largest mosques in Kolkata, this magnificent structure is 151 feet tall.
Haji Ali Dargah, Mumbai – Idyllic Surroundings
The shrine of the well-known Muslim Sufi saint Haji Ali is located in a picturesque area close to the lovely Arabian Sea. The tomb, which boasts an Indo-Islamic design, is made of glass and appears completely surreal. This place of worship is one of the best places to visit in Mumbai and features a marble courtyard and captivating Arabic patterns.
Jumma Masjid, Bijapur – Intricate Indo-Islamic Architecture
One of the first mosques in India was the Jumma Masjid in Bijapur. The mosque has a dome, imposing arches, and two minarets. This mosque is situated in Karnataka and has serene surroundings in addition to Indo-Islamic architecture. One of the most important mediaeval mosques is located here and has p